Equine worming protocols: tackling the increasing problem of anthelmintic resistance

Anthelmintic resistance is a growing global problem in the equine sector. Only three classes of anthelmintics are authorised for use against equine nematodes, and resistance to all of them has been re...


Equine metabolic syndrome: part 1

Both obesity and equine metabolic syndrome are being increasingly recognised. The underlying endocrine abnormality, insulin dysregulation, represents a high risk for endocrinopathic (hyperinsulinaemia...


Colitis in donkeys

The presentation of colitis in the donkey may differ from that in the horse. Donkeys typically mask signs of pain and illness, and diarrhoea is not common in colitis. Recognition, treatment and manage...


Equine odontoclastic tooth resorption and hypercementosis

Equine odontoclastic tooth resorption and hypercementosis is a relatively recently described condition of the incisors. It is characterised by roughening of the sub-gingival crown and enlargement of t...


Noise-related fear in dogs

This comprehensive guide delves into the phenomenon of noise-related fear in dogs, a prevalent issue with a significant impact on canine wellbeing. The article explores the intricate relationship betw...


Hyperammonaemia in cats

Ammonia is an important nitrogen source required for amino acid, protein and nucleic acid synthesis. In addition, it plays an essential role in the kidney's maintenance of acid–base balance. However, ...


Canine septic arthritis

Septic arthritis is an important cause of lameness in a broad age range of patients. Diagnosis is based on a combination of the clinical presentation, arthrocentesis sampling and exclusion of alternat...


Is it time to re-evaluate anti-parasitic use in companion animals?

Anti-parasitics are very frequently used in companion animals for both prevention and treatment of parasites. When compared with practices related to parasite control in farmed animals, strategic, ris...


Current insights into feline osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a painful condition which affects the majority of older cats but is often not recognised because of differences in the ways that affected cats exhibit the signs of chronic joint pain...


Anaesthesia in exotics part 1: small mammals

Anaesthesia in exotic species is often viewed as high risk and many nurses may be apprehensive to perform it. However, with careful preparation and monitoring techniques, safe anaesthesia of exotics i...


Diagnosis and management of stress fractures and fatigue injuries in horses

Fractures are relatively common in equine practice and their aetiology can broadly be divided into three categories: fractures as a result of repetitive stress injury, traumatic fractures and patholog...


Gastrointestinal disorders in donkeys

Donkeys with colic may have subtle clinical signs of pain that delay detection, so a methodical clinical examination is needed to make a diagnosis. Using donkey-specific pain scoring can be helpful in...

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