Enzootic abortion in sheep: a review

Enzootic abortion of ewes (EAE) is the most commonly diagnosed cause of abortion in sheep in the UK. This document will review disease background, how to reach a diagnosis of EAE, and recent developme...


Nurse parasite clinics and the benefits of routine testing

Cats and dogs are infected with a wide range of parasites, many of which are capable of causing or contributing to disease. Veterinary nurses play a vital role in helping to formulate parasite control...


Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) exposure in dogs

Blue-green algae are cyanobacteria that grow in fresh, brackish or sea water. Under certain environmental conditions they form blooms in water bodies and these often colour the water blue-green (or br...


Nutraceutical use in osteoarthritic canines: a review

Osteoarthritis is prevalent in the UK canine population and has a clear impact on animal welfare. Treatment of osteoarthritis is advised to be multimodal, with nutraceuticals becoming a popular part o...


Why do medication errors occur in veterinary practice?

Medication errors are common in veterinary practice. While many of these do not result in harm to a patient, those that do can have serious consequences for the patient and also affect the people invo...


The importance of lavage in wound care

Open wound management in veterinary practice is commonplace, with the aim to provide the optimum wound condition to help aid healing and closure of the wound. There are four main principles of wound m...


Osteoarthritis in pet guinea pigs: an update on diagnosis, treatment and management

This article reviews the current literature on osteoarthritis in pet and laboratory guinea pigs. The associated clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthritis in pet guinea pigs will be dis...


Considerations for humane euthanasia in exotic pet species

Most veterinary professionals in companion animal practice will be familiar with and experienced in performing euthanasia in cats and dogs, but often less so with exotic pet species. This article aims...


Anaesthetic management of dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease

Myxomatous mitral valve disease is the most commonly acquired heart disease in the dog. Affected dogs have a reduced forward stroke volume as a result of the regurgitant flow back through the compromi...


Metabolic programming and monitoring tools in pre-weaned dairy calves

The current knowledge on the effects of nutritional and environmental factors in the late embryonic and neonatal phase of dairy calves on performance later in life is summarised. The importance of epi...


Poisons affecting the skin

All homes contain substances capable of causing serious injury if they come into contact with the skin. These substances include detergents, acids and alkalis found in many cleaning products, and petr...


Syringomyelia and Chiari-like malformation

Syringomyelia is a heritable condition caused by fluid-filled cavities in the spinal cord as a result of the abnormal flow of cerebrospinal fluid. This results in a number of debilitating clinical sig...

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