The specificity of phage testing for MAP — where might it fit into the diagnostic armoury?

The current individual tools available for the diagnosis of Johne's disease are far from suitable to tackle this endemic disease. Culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbe...


An approach to neonatal lamb post-mortem examinations

Neonatal lamb mortality is a significant threat to welfare and production in commercial sheep flocks and is defined as the death of lambs during the first week of life with the predominant risk period...


Endoscopy of the equine larynx

With the advent of overground endoscopy, there is more scrutiny of equine airways than ever before. Possibly as a result of this trend, owners, trainers and breeders seem to have a greater awareness o...


Poisons affecting the liver

The liver is a multifunction organ involved in metabolism and synthesis of essential compounds. As the first organ after the gut to receive ingested substances and because of its role in metabolism, i...


Dietary management of liver disorders

The liver is responsible for many important functions, including metabolism of ingested nutrients and toxins, and production of plasma proteins, clotting factors and bile salts. When the liver is dise...


Anaesthesia in thoracic trauma

Peri-anaesthetic management of thoracic trauma in dogs and cats can be challenging, due to the likelihood of both respiratory compromise and pain associated with sustained injuries. Many medications a...


Foundation therapy in canine atopic dermatitis

Therapy in canine atopic dermatitis should be multimodal and should be individualised for each patient. Therapies can be described as foundation or supplementary. In all but the mildest cases, dogs re...


5-Fluorouracil toxicosis in cats and dogs

5-Fluorouracil is an antineoplastic drug with a narrow therapeutic window. Pets are commonly exposed to the cream used for pre-malignant and malignant skin lesions in humans. 5-Fluorouracil poisoning ...


Patellar luxation in dogs

Patellar luxation is one of the most common orthopaedic diseases in dogs. Medial luxation occurs more frequently than lateral, and females and small-breed dogs are overrepresented. Diagnosis can be ac...


Ocular surface disease in dogs part 2: diagnosis and treatment

Dry eye disease (DED) is a commonly diagnosed disorder in small animals. It has been historically described as a quantitative or qualitative deficiency in tear production; however, the pathogenesis of...


The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) consultation

Common marmosets (<italic>Callithrix jacchus</italic>) can sometimes be seen in general practice and it is essential to be aware of their nutritional, environmental and medical requirements. The keepi...


Best practice parasite prevention in the travelling pet

The number of pets travelling under PETS is increasing year on year, while at the same time, climate change and increased movement of people is affecting parasite distribution across Europe and the wi...

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